Eyes of the dingo provide insight into how dogs became our companions

Photo of a dingo.

Why do dogs, unlike wolves, make eye contact with people? New Yale University research suggests that the unique history of the Australian dingo can help fill out the evolutionary history of the deep and enduring connection between humans and dogs.

Domesticated dogs look at their owners to convey and request a host of information — for instance, for help in solving a difficult problem. Wild wolves do not. Dingoes appear to represent an intermediate point in the domestication of wolves.

https://news.yale.edu/2017/10/17/eyes-dingo-provide-insight-how-dogs-became-our-companions

Research in Nicaragua Inspires Two Scientific Papers and a Career Path for Recent YSPH Graduate

Before she even received her diploma, Cara Safon’s research was already having an impact. A study that she conducted while still an M.P.H. student at the Yale School of Public Health led to two published peer-reviewed articles on breastfeeding practices in León, Nicaragua. 

Safon entered the program knowing she wanted to pursue research on maternal-child health, and began seeking out research opportunities in the field. She connected with YSPH Professor Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Ph.D., who currently leads the Becoming Breastfeeding Friendly (BBF) scaling up initiative, a program that helps guide countries in assessing their readiness to improve breastfeeding protection, promotion and support environments. Together, they devised a research proposal that would examine the connection between delivery mode —natural or Cesarean section—and subsequent breastfeeding outcomes.

https://publichealth.yale.edu/news/article.aspx?id=15984

What Does Entrepreneurship Look Like around the World?

Fundamentally, entrepreneurs solve problems. But entrepreneurship happens within an economic, political, and cultural context that shapes new businesses to a remarkable degree. In one country, entrepreneurs are the highly educated elite choosing an aspirational path. In another they are entrepreneurs-of-necessity, because there are no other jobs. In some places, only the politically connected would consider launching a venture. In some, race, gender, or religion may be exclusionary while in others those are irrelevant factors.

Drawing on experts affiliated with Global Network for Advanced Management schools, Global Network Perspectives gathered faculty contributions on entrepreneurship from a range of countries and regions. They describe differences in the cultural cachet of entrepreneurship, the hurdles entrepreneurs face, and the capacity of entrepreneurial enterprises to drive the economic engine of their country.

http://insights.som.yale.edu/insights/what-does-entrepreneurship-look-like-around-the-world

Great Power Divisions Stymie Nonproliferation Debate

Virtually all nations agree that using a nuclear weapon would fail to provide security and ensure pariah status. That said, divisions run deep over how to achieve nuclear non-proliferation. Speeches before the UN General Assembly reveal “a wide gap among Russian, Chinese and US assessments of the causes, consequences and solutions regarding nuclear proliferation,” explains Richard Weitz, senior fellow and director of the Center for Political-Military Analysis at Hudson Institute. The United States calls for international cooperation, arguing that Russia and China could apply more pressure on North Korea. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson points to savings in terms of costs for weapons and safeguards in preventing mistakes, corruption and acquisition by terrorists or reckless parties. China and Russia insist that pressure on North Korea should avoid threats while emphasizing diplomacy and negotiations, adding that military force is not an option. “The challenge for international diplomacy is that the gulf separating the United States from Russia and China extends well beyond nonproliferation issues,” Weitz explains. US President Donald Trump warns the United States is prepared “to totally destroy North Korea” in self-defense against the regime’s “suicide mission.” Goading a nuclear power may be a suicide mission, too. – YaleGlobal

http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/great-power-divisions-stymie-nonproliferation-debate?utm_source=YaleGlobal+Newsletter&utm_campaign=2155bb3ac8-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_01_30&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_2c91bd5e92-2155bb3ac8-207760089

Pianist Szymon Nehring ’19AD wins Polish Music Coryphaeus award

Rubinstein Competition winner honored in Warsaw
October 13, 2017

Pianist Szymon Nehring ’19AD has been named the Personality of the Year as part of the 2017 Polish Music Coryphaeus Awards. He was honored alongside other award recipients earlier this month in Warsaw, Poland.

“I consider this award the most important Polish music award,” Nehring, a native of Poland, said, honored to be in the company of composer Krzysztof Penderecki, whose receipt of a 2017 Grammy Award was named the Event of the Year, and composer, conductor, and pianist Jerzy Maksymiuk, who was given an Honorary Award. Flutist Marianna Żołnacz was recognized as having made the Debut of the Year.

Nehring began his studies this fall in the Artist Diploma program at YSM under the tutelage of Prof. Boris Berman, having won the prestigious Arthur Rubinstein International Piano Master Competition in Tel Aviv, Israel, in May. In addition to earning the Gold Medal at the competition, Nehring won the Best Performer of a Chopin Piece, Advanced Studies, and Junior Jury prizes, as well as the Audience Favorite in the Periphery prizes for Or Yehuda and Jezrael Valley. He’s scheduled to perform a recital on October 26 in Weill Recital Hall at Carnegie Hall as part of a concert tour organized by the Arthur Rubinstein International Music Society, which administers the competition.

The Yale School of Music’s Artist Diploma program, Nehring said, “gives me the important opportunity to sometimes be away from the University and concertize. This way, I can combain both playing and studying, and I think it will be a perfect solution for me these next two years.”

Nehring, who previously studied with Stefan Wojtas at the Academy of Music in Bydgoszcz, Poland, said, “I consider American and Russian music schools the best in the world, and studying here at Yale with Professor Boris Berman gives me a combination of those. That is why I chose the Yale School of Music. I have been here for a short amount of time, so I cannot say much, but what I definitely observe is that I can peacefully work on my new repertoire and be inspired by musicians who teach or study at the University. I think at my age it is important to still study, to not be overwhelmed by the concert life, and more importantly (to) develop as a person and musician.”

http://music.yale.edu/2017/10/13/pianist-szymon-nehring-19ad-wins-polish-music-coryphaeus-award/

The Challenge of Creating ‘Ecological Civilization’ in China

songyue pagoda dengfeng henan china

The plane arrived in one of the world’s most polluted cities, Zhengzhou, in western China. My husband, John Grim, and I were here for the Songshan Forum focused broadly on “Ecological Civilization” held in mid-September in Dengfeng. This is in Henan, a province of some 94 million people. If Henan were a nation-state it would be the world’s 12th-largest economy. China’s rapid modernization in a few short decades — on a scale unfathomable to most Americans — has resulted in staggering environmental problems, which are evident here.

Henan is in the midst of a severe drought, as are many parts of China. We saw the burnt-out crops of corn and wheat. The local river, now channeled into concrete basins, has dried up from a lack of runoff from the surrounding mountains. We feel the air thick with smog and particulate matter. At times it is hard to breathe. It is now obvious that the price to pay for modernization is indeed high in China.

https://environment.yale.edu/news/article/the-challenge-of-creating-ecological-civilization-in-china/?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=This%20Week%20at%20FES%20Oct%205%202017&utm_content=This%20Week%20at%20FES%20Oct%205%202017+CID_1fd8781e0d160204a320fa7c0ba28c9b&utm_source=Email%20Newsletter&utm_term=Read%20more