Recalling Turkey’s Peace Process

three Kurdish women hold signs stating Kurds Want Peace; devastation of urban warfare in Suriçi

About 30 million Kurds live throughout the Middle East in Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Iran and Armenia. The ethnic group represents about 13 percent of Turkey’s population and at least 7 percent of Syrians, and the United States has long backed Kurds fighting extremists in Syria. Turkey and its Kurdish PKK rebels had arranged a ceasefire in 2013. Then civil war in Syria and Kurdish demands for self-rule heightened tensions, helping consolidate power for the AKP Party that runs the Turkish government. A crackdown ensued and ever-increasing levels of authoritarianism fail to deliver peace, explains Ronay Bakan, a 2018-2019 Fox International Fellow at Yale’s MacMillan Center. Bakan offers two recommendations: First, the Turkish state should create more democratic and inclusionary space for all citizens, including the 72 percent who are ethnic Turks and the 28 percent that represent minorities. Second, the country could decentralize some health, education and social services, allowing greater local control. Increasing democratic participation could reduce the need for authoritarian measures and stabilize the country. – YaleGlobal

Mechanical Horses, Galactic Sinbads and Other Unexpected Tales: Exploring the Astonishing Wonders of Classical Literature of the Middle East

Mechanical Horses, Galactic Sinbads and Other Unexpected Tales: Exploring the Astonishing Wonders of Classical Literature
of the Middle East

Presented by: Abdul-Rehman Malik, Postgraduate Associate at the Yale MacMillan Center Council on
Middle East Studies

Saturday December 8th 10:00am – 12:00pm
10:00 – 11:00 Student workshop (grades 7 – 12)
11:00 – 12:00 lecture open to all!
location: 53 Wall Street, New Haven

free parking available in the lot across from the whitney humanities center on wall street

register
Fantasy, science fiction and superheroes have never been more popular! Did you know the classical literature of the Middle East was the source of much early European Sci-Fi writing! In Arabic and Persian, we find stories of mechanical horses that fly, galactic explorations and underwater civilizations. In this workshop and lecture, you will explore some of these astonishing stories by making connections to more modern narratives and hearing a special presentation about some of the historical roots of today’s fantasy and Sci-Fi craze.
To register click here or visit onhsa.yale.edu/MOSAIC

In Post-Khashoggi Saudi Arabia, Business Leaders Have a Chance to Fill a Moral Void

With the U.S. government slow to respond to the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, business leaders took the lead by pulling out of Saudi Arabia’s investor conference. Yale SOM’s Jeffrey Sonnenfeld and journalist Roya Hakakian write that continued business activism can help bring about positive change in the Middle East.

https://insights.som.yale.edu/insights/in-post-khashoggi-saudi-arabia-business-leaders-have-chance-to-fill-moral-void?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_content=In%20Post-Khashoggi%20Saudi%20Arabia%2C%20Business%20Leaders%20Have%20a%20Chance%20to%20Fill%20a%20Moral%20Void&utm_campaign=insights-newsletter-nov-long2018

Charting the rise of modern Iran with Yale historian Abbas Amanat

Abbas Amanat

Abbas Amanat, the William Graham Sumner Professor of History at Yale, poured decades of research into “Iran: A Modern History,” his new book charting five centuries of Iranian history and its encounters with the neighboring lands and the Western world.

Amanat guides readers through multiple dynasties, revolutions, civil wars, and foreign interventions, culminating in the rise of the Islamic Republic. He provides a detailed examination of Iranian politics, society, and culture that seeks to understand how the religious establishment seized control of the Iranian state and has maintained power for nearly 40 years.

The book, published by Yale University Press, has drawn positive reviews in the Economist, the Wall Street Journal, the New York Review of Books, and The Times and Sunday Times of London.

https://news.yale.edu/2018/10/30/charting-rise-modern-iran-yale-historian-abbas-amanat

Across disciplines, Yale forges rich ties to Middle East

A photograph of archaeologist Frank Brown and his crew during a 1934-1935 excavation in Dura-Europos, Syria.

Last spring, Kishwar Rizvi, professor of the history of art, led a group of eight graduate students to Dubai as part of her seminar “Museum and Nation.” Rizvi’s students conducted fieldwork there and later hosted a symposium on their research.

The students belong to a community of scholars across Yale engaging with the Middle East. Faculty and students are examining the region’s history, art, cultures, conflicts, and politics. They are forging relationships at universities and institutions from North Africa to the Persian Gulf. They are bringing leading scholars and artists from the Middle East to campus to share their work and ideas with new audiences.

Yale’s Council on Middle East Studies is the hub for this scholarship and outreach. The council, based at The Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale, supports research projects and language instruction, sponsors public programming, and provides opportunities for Yale students to work throughout the Middle East in places like Morocco, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

https://news.yale.edu/2018/10/19/across-disciplines-yale-forges-rich-ties-middle-east

 

US Ends Humanitarian Aid for Palestinians

No more back to school? UNRWA Commissioner-General Pierre Krähenbühl condemned cut in US aid that threatens to send Palestinian schoolchildren in the Occupied Territories back to the streets

The UN Relief and Work Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East began operations in 1950, funded by volunteer contributions from UN member states, to provide relief for Palestine refugees after the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. UNRWA provides education, medical care and emergency assistance to more than 5 million Palestinian refugees in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria, and since the agency’s beginning, the United States was the largest bilateral donor. The Trump administration has now announced an end to that support, calling UNRWA “irredeemably flawed” and “unsustainable,” due to support for the descendants of original refugees. About three-quarters of UNRWA staff are teachers, and experts warn program cuts could push hundreds of thousands of students into the streets. The United States seeks a new definition and limits for the term “refugee.” Palestinians and Israelis are still in conflict over territory and other issues, and the peace process is stalled. The United Nations expresses hope that other member states increase their contributions. – YaleGlobal