Bolsonaro’s Impact on Global Markets

Brazil’s Jair Messias Bolsonaro takes the presidential oath of office on January 1. “Bolsonaro follows a series of public corruption scandals that led to political chaos,” explain Claudia Ribeiro P. Nunes and Pedro D. Peralta for YaleGlobal Online. Nunes is a visiting scholar with the Council on Latin American and Iberian Studies with the MacMillan Center at Yale and deputy coordinator of the Graduate Program in Law at Veiga de Almeida University. Peralta is a researcher at Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Veiga de Almeida University. The writers explain that Bolsonaro veers in his positions on trade, urging reforms for the South American bloc Mercosur to promising flexibility, questioning Chinese influence via foreign direct investment during the campaign and later calling China a “great cooperation partner.” Another foreign policy concern is Venezuela, Brazil’s neighbor to the north in chaos due to mismanagement, corruption and poverty. US President Donald Trump has called for intervention, and the Bolsonaro administration has signaled alignment with the Trump sphere of influence. – YaleGlobal

Lilia Moritz Schwarcz Discusses Brazil’s “Sad Visionary”

Some graduate students who attended Professor Schwarcz's presentation.

On November 7, anthropologist and historian Lilia Moritz Schwarcz offered a talk entitled, “Lima Barreto: A sad visionary in Brazil at the beginning of the XX century” as part of the Council on Latin American and Iberian Studies Lunchtime Colloquia. Professor Schwarcz is a Professor of Anthropology at the University of Sao Paulo and a Visiting Professor of Anthropology at Princeton University. Her talk gave listeners a taste of the content of her recent publication Lima Barreto: Triste Visionário, published in 2017 by Companhia das Letras (Sao Paulo).

Afonso Henriques de Lima Barreto (1881-1922) was an Afro-Brazilian writer whose prescient critiques of Brazil’s structural racism and supposed “racial democracy” still have resonance today. His writings attempt to break apart the social Darwinism and racial determinism reigning in Brazil at the beginning of the 20th century. As Professor Schwarcz explained, the Portuguese word triste has two connotations, and Lima Barreto was both: he was sad, yes, but also persistent and stubborn.

Experiment to Save an Endangered Fish Holds Lessons for Policymakers

It’s no accident that Indiana Jones was an archeologist, not an economist. Economists are better known for digging into data sets than digging up clues. But in recent years, a number of economists, particularly development economists, have led a revolution in the field—by going into the field.

Many of these new adventurers are motivated to better understand which new policies, philanthropic programs, or other interventions have the greatest positive impact for people in developing economies. The randomized controlled trial has become a key tool for them to compare the effects of an intervention with what would happen in the absence of such an action.


Fox International Fellowship expands to Argentina

The Fox International Fellowship at the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale has expanded its global network of partner institutions to include the University of San Andrés, Argentina. The Fox International Fellowship (link is external) is a graduate student exchange program between Yale University and, with the newest addition, 20 world-renowned universities.

Founded in 1989 by the Scottish Community in Argentina, Universidad de San Andrés is recognized as one of the most prestigious academic institutions in the region. With an enrollment of over 1,900 students, it offers both graduate and postgraduate degrees in Business, Law, Social Sciences, and the Humanities.

Experience El Salvador




MARCH 9-16, 2019

Experience El Salvador through the eyes of community leaders working for social, economic, and political change. This unique immersion program allows travelers to learn about the country’s history and to meet with local organizations that model principles of equity, inclusion, and entrepreneurialism. The trip includes cultural excursions to Zaragoza, Suchitoto, and San Salvador.

Explore the transformative power of cross-cultural dialogue and experiential learning with grassroots groups working for justice, peace, and hope in El Salvador.




Download the full event brochure and printable application form (pdf).

“La Charla”: The impact of one YSN alumnus in Nicaragua

When Simone Ippoliti ’16 MSN was accepted to Yale School of Nursing, she was instantly attracted to YSN’s commitment to global health. By the end of her Graduate Entry Pre-Specialty (GEPN) year, Simone met with Patricia Ryan-Krause, director of the Global Health Concentration, to discuss ways Simone could become involved. They discussed Patricia’s yearly nursing trip to Troilo, Nicaragua, and how the nation had some of the highest rates of teen pregnancy in the western hemisphere.

What began in that first meeting ultimately lead to a mentorship and partnership that lasted well beyond Simone’s three years at YSN. Patricia encouraged Simone to apply for a Downs Fellowship—a program at the Yale School of Public Health that sponsors Yale students to live, learn, work, and research in low- and middle-income countries. During her time in Nicaragua on the Down’s Fellowship, Simone examined the impact of sexual and reproductive health intervention on the rates of teen pregnancy. She then went on to spend a further three months in Troilo the following summer, working with a community health nurse and teaching adolescents about sexual and reproductive health, gender equality, and empowerment.

Yale scholar examines Cuban-American life through lens of popular culture

Albert Laguna

There was a time when Albert Laguna thought his father was the funniest man in the world. Until, that is, he began to research the topic of popular culture in Cuba for his recently published book and realized that his father had been stealing quite a few of his jokes from the popular Cuban comedian Guillermo Alvarez Guedes.

Famous for his one-liners, Alvarez Guedes released over 32 joke albums, and made appearances on television, in movies and on radio. Despite the fact that the comedian has permeated Cuban American culture, “no one has ever written about his social importance and the consequences of his work,” says Laguna, adding that it the first thing he thought of when reading scholarship on Cuban Americans. “Cuban American studies has mostly focused on the pain of exile, but then you have this comedian who is the soundtrack for the quotidian life of so many. Everyone knows him. Cubans grows up listening to his albums at home, and people — including my own father — retell his jokes constantly.”

Treaty Does Not Stop Illicit Mercury Trade in South America

The lure of gold: Peruvians search for gold and many use mercury for processing, and Peruvian law enforcement authorities crack down on illegal mining

Mercury is among the top 10 chemical hazards listed by the World Health Organization. The Minamata Convention on Mercury, a treaty adopted in 2013 and opened for signatures, aims to reduce global mercury pollution and protect global health. “The convention prohibits the opening of new mercury mines, requires existing mines to close within 15 years, and encourages nations to reduce or eliminate mercury use in artisanal gold mining,” explains David Gonzalez, a PhD student in environment and resources at Stanford University and a 2015-2016 Yale Fox International Fellow. Spain and the United States were once leading mercury exporters, until the European Union banned exports in 2010 and the United States followed suit. After miners developed alternatives for extracting precious metals and mercury prices plummeted, Mexico and Indonesia became top exporters. Peru stopped mercury imports, too, but miners in rural communities rely on emerging black markets. Mercury mining and pollution have shifted to regions with few controls, and Gonzalez concludes that reveals a challenge for enforcing the Minamata Convention. – YaleGlobal