On November 7, anthropologist and historian Lilia Moritz Schwarcz offered a talk entitled, “Lima Barreto: A sad visionary in Brazil at the beginning of the XX century” as part of the Council on Latin American and Iberian Studies Lunchtime Colloquia. Professor Schwarcz is a Professor of Anthropology at the University of Sao Paulo and a Visiting Professor of Anthropology at Princeton University. Her talk gave listeners a taste of the content of her recent publication Lima Barreto: Triste Visionário, published in 2017 by Companhia das Letras (Sao Paulo).
Afonso Henriques de Lima Barreto (1881-1922) was an Afro-Brazilian writer whose prescient critiques of Brazil’s structural racism and supposed “racial democracy” still have resonance today. His writings attempt to break apart the social Darwinism and racial determinism reigning in Brazil at the beginning of the 20th century. As Professor Schwarcz explained, the Portuguese word triste has two connotations, and Lima Barreto was both: he was sad, yes, but also persistent and stubborn.
It’s no accident that Indiana Jones was an archeologist, not an economist. Economists are better known for digging into data sets than digging up clues. But in recent years, a number of economists, particularly development economists, have led a revolution in the field—by going into the field.
Many of these new adventurers are motivated to better understand which new policies, philanthropic programs, or other interventions have the greatest positive impact for people in developing economies. The randomized controlled trial has become a key tool for them to compare the effects of an intervention with what would happen in the absence of such an action.
The Fox International Fellowship at the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale has expanded its global network of partner institutions to include the University of San Andrés, Argentina. The Fox International Fellowship (link is external) is a graduate student exchange program between Yale University and, with the newest addition, 20 world-renowned universities.
Founded in 1989 by the Scottish Community in Argentina, Universidad de San Andrés is recognized as one of the most prestigious academic institutions in the region. With an enrollment of over 1,900 students, it offers both graduate and postgraduate degrees in Business, Law, Social Sciences, and the Humanities.
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When Simone Ippoliti ’16 MSN was accepted to Yale School of Nursing, she was instantly attracted to YSN’s commitment to global health. By the end of her Graduate Entry Pre-Specialty (GEPN) year, Simone met with Patricia Ryan-Krause, director of the Global Health Concentration, to discuss ways Simone could become involved. They discussed Patricia’s yearly nursing trip to Troilo, Nicaragua, and how the nation had some of the highest rates of teen pregnancy in the western hemisphere.
What began in that first meeting ultimately lead to a mentorship and partnership that lasted well beyond Simone’s three years at YSN. Patricia encouraged Simone to apply for a Downs Fellowship—a program at the Yale School of Public Health that sponsors Yale students to live, learn, work, and research in low- and middle-income countries. During her time in Nicaragua on the Down’s Fellowship, Simone examined the impact of sexual and reproductive health intervention on the rates of teen pregnancy. She then went on to spend a further three months in Troilo the following summer, working with a community health nurse and teaching adolescents about sexual and reproductive health, gender equality, and empowerment.
There was a time when Albert Laguna thought his father was the funniest man in the world. Until, that is, he began to research the topic of popular culture in Cuba for his recently published book and realized that his father had been stealing quite a few of his jokes from the popular Cuban comedian Guillermo Alvarez Guedes.
Famous for his one-liners, Alvarez Guedes released over 32 joke albums, and made appearances on television, in movies and on radio. Despite the fact that the comedian has permeated Cuban American culture, “no one has ever written about his social importance and the consequences of his work,” says Laguna, adding that it the first thing he thought of when reading scholarship on Cuban Americans. “Cuban American studies has mostly focused on the pain of exile, but then you have this comedian who is the soundtrack for the quotidian life of so many. Everyone knows him. Cubans grows up listening to his albums at home, and people — including my own father — retell his jokes constantly.”