Mearsheimer talks to explore ‘Liberal Ideals & International Realities’

Photo of John J. Mearsheimer

John J. Mearsheimer, the R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science and the co-director of the Program on International Security Policy at the University of Chicago, will give a series of three lectures in November on “Liberal Ideals & International Realities” for the Henry L. Stimson Lectures on World Affairs at the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale.

The “Liberal Ideals & International Realities” lectures will focus on three themes: “The Roots of Liberal Hegemony,” on Monday, Nov. 13; “The False Promise of Liberal Hegemony” on Wednesday, Nov. 15; and “The Case for Restraint,” on Thursday, Nov. 16. All three lectures begin at 4:30 p.m. in Rm. 203 of Henry R. Luce Hall, 34 Hillhouse Ave. They are free and open to the public. The lectures are sponsored by the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies and the Yale University Press.

Impossible Task: Sorting Economic and Political Refugees

As the globe’s population swells – from about 2 billion people a century ago to more than 7 billion today – migration numbers are on the rise, too, from 173 million in 2000 to about 250 million today. “International law and definitions have not kept pace,” argues Will Hickey, author and associate professor with the School of Government and Public Policy in Indonesia. He analyzes the dilemma for countries in trying to separate refugees based on their motivation, whether that may be economic or political. Welcome and treatment for refugees also varies widely among nations, leading many people to cross multiple borders. Hickey therefore asks, “Wouldn’t crossing subsequent borders implicate the political refugee ascription as to migrants seeking a better life, hence rendering the political asylum process moot as an economic migrant is devolved?” Refugees’ search for a better life, and the line between economic and political security is blurred. Sorting and judging the worthiest refugees may be an impossible task, Hickey concludes, and the stories from either side may be equally heartbreaking. – YaleGlobal

Eyes of the dingo provide insight into how dogs became our companions

Photo of a dingo.

Why do dogs, unlike wolves, make eye contact with people? New Yale University research suggests that the unique history of the Australian dingo can help fill out the evolutionary history of the deep and enduring connection between humans and dogs.

Domesticated dogs look at their owners to convey and request a host of information — for instance, for help in solving a difficult problem. Wild wolves do not. Dingoes appear to represent an intermediate point in the domestication of wolves.

What Does Entrepreneurship Look Like around the World?

Fundamentally, entrepreneurs solve problems. But entrepreneurship happens within an economic, political, and cultural context that shapes new businesses to a remarkable degree. In one country, entrepreneurs are the highly educated elite choosing an aspirational path. In another they are entrepreneurs-of-necessity, because there are no other jobs. In some places, only the politically connected would consider launching a venture. In some, race, gender, or religion may be exclusionary while in others those are irrelevant factors.

Drawing on experts affiliated with Global Network for Advanced Management schools, Global Network Perspectives gathered faculty contributions on entrepreneurship from a range of countries and regions. They describe differences in the cultural cachet of entrepreneurship, the hurdles entrepreneurs face, and the capacity of entrepreneurial enterprises to drive the economic engine of their country.

Great Power Divisions Stymie Nonproliferation Debate

Virtually all nations agree that using a nuclear weapon would fail to provide security and ensure pariah status. That said, divisions run deep over how to achieve nuclear non-proliferation. Speeches before the UN General Assembly reveal “a wide gap among Russian, Chinese and US assessments of the causes, consequences and solutions regarding nuclear proliferation,” explains Richard Weitz, senior fellow and director of the Center for Political-Military Analysis at Hudson Institute. The United States calls for international cooperation, arguing that Russia and China could apply more pressure on North Korea. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson points to savings in terms of costs for weapons and safeguards in preventing mistakes, corruption and acquisition by terrorists or reckless parties. China and Russia insist that pressure on North Korea should avoid threats while emphasizing diplomacy and negotiations, adding that military force is not an option. “The challenge for international diplomacy is that the gulf separating the United States from Russia and China extends well beyond nonproliferation issues,” Weitz explains. US President Donald Trump warns the United States is prepared “to totally destroy North Korea” in self-defense against the regime’s “suicide mission.” Goading a nuclear power may be a suicide mission, too. – YaleGlobal