Yale University has a long history of collaborating with and welcoming Chinese scholars, going back over a hundred years to the very beginning of the twentieth century. A new chapter in that partnership began in 2006 with the inauguration of the China Scholarship Council (CSC) – Yale World Scholars Program in Biomedical Sciences, a joint project initiated by Yale and the Chinese Ministry of Education. The CSC – Yale World Scholars Program recruits top graduates in the biomedical sciences from a select group of elite Chinese universities for the same rigorous program of specialized research training available to all Yale Ph.D. students in the Biological and Biomedical sciences. The nine participating Chinese universities are Fudan University, Nanjing University, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Peking University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Sun Yat-Sen University, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, and Zhejiang University. Each school nominates several top students for consideration, and those who are admitted into the CSC-Yale program are well positioned to become leaders in scientific research, both in China and worldwide.