The availability of medicines to treat chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes, varies widely throughout Uganda, said Yale researchers and their collaborators in Uganda and at Mt. Sinai School of Medicine. The new study reveals previously unreported disparities within the African nation, where chronic, non-communicable diseases have become among the leading causes of death and disability.
To gauge the availability of essential medicines, as defined by the World Health Organization, the research team used a dataset known as the Service Availability and Readiness Assessment, or SARA. They then fit an analytical model to identify possible determinants of medicine availability at health facilities throughout Uganda. The facilities included both public and private hospitals and clinics in rural and urban areas, as well as facilities providing either basic or specialty services.