You may not know what complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) active pixel image sensors are, but chances are you use them a lot. The “camera-on-a-chip” technology makes possible everything from selfies to dental x-ray cameras.
Its inventor, Eric Fossum, who received his Ph.D. in engineering and applied sciences at Yale in 1984, has been named a co-recipient of the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering. Fossum will receive the award — often referred to as the equivalent of the Nobel Prize for the field of engineering — at Buckingham Palace. The £1 million prize is awarded for groundbreaking innovations that have benefitted humanity. Fossum’s co-winners, George Smith, Nobukazu Teranishi and Michael Tompsett, have also contributed to digital sensor technology.